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EXHIBITION

Calcium Hypochlorite: A Pool Chemical And Much More

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[Abstract]:
Chlorine water disinfectants are champions of public health, prolongating and improving lives wherever they are used.

In the United States and Canada, large water systems that supply tens or hundreds of millions of gallons of water a day use chlorine (Cl2) or sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) primarily to disinfect drinking water.

For many people, the word "chlorine" conjures up images of summer and cool water in a swimming pool.

The chlorine commonly associated with summer pleasures is the chemical compound calcium hypochlorite, Ca(OCl)2.

Calcium hypochlorite is a white solid that is added to pool water in the form of particles or pills to kill bacteria that can make swimmers sick.

Properly used by trained pool operators, this compound kills bacteria that can cause many health problems for pool users -- diarrhea, swimming earache (a severe form of earache), and various respiratory, skin and wound infections.

The water in spas and hot tubs is also disinfected with calcium hypochlorite -- a chemical miracle that makes healthy aquatic recreation possible.

But the chlorine story goes beyond that.

 

A family of chlorine disinfectants

 

Chlorine water disinfectants are champions of public health, prolongating and improving lives wherever they are used.

In the United States and Canada, large water systems that supply tens or hundreds of millions of gallons of water a day use chlorine (Cl2) or sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) primarily to disinfect drinking water.

Smaller water systems -- less than five million gallons a day -- typically use calcium hypochlorite.

Calcium hypochlorite is easy to transport and store for a long time.

 

Calcium hypochlorite is also one of its Allies in the fight against foodborne disease.

It is mixed with water in different intensities to kill the bacteria found on the surface of industrial food processing and preparation, which is important to keep our food supply safe.

Other chlorine disinfectants include chlorisocyanurate.

 

Help bring clean water to developing countries

 

Dealing with the world Crisis

 

More than a billion people in the developing world are not as lucky as Yamaguilla's residents -- they don't have safe drinking water.

As a result, 1.8 million people die each year from diarrhoea, according to the World Health Organization.

Most of the dead were children under five.

 

United Nations member states have set a goal of halving the proportion of the world's population without access to safe drinking water by 2015.

This is a huge challenge, because poverty in many developing countries prevents even simple water systems like Yamalanguilla from being built.

In order to make chlorinated water more accessible to many of these poor people, point systems are being allocated for use.

 

Very special home use

 

A point of use disinfection system consists of very simple equipment.

Drinking water is collected daily from lakes, rivers or Wells and can be disinfected before use.

Provide a bottle of liquid or a bag of solid treatment chemicals and a water storage container.

Chemicals, which may include calcium or sodium hypochlorite, are measured to disinfect water containers.

On-site treatment is certainly not as convenient as centralized water treatment, but there is evidence that this simple, low-cost approach reduces the risk of diarrhoeal disease and death.

 

Even in developed countries, the use of point systems can save lives when natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes disrupt water supplies.

Clean, safe water is a public health necessity, and calcium hypochlorite helps to provide it, especially where it is most needed.

 

How would your life be different if you didn't have access to clean drinking water?